The Vantage uses the powertrain and infotainment technology from Mercedes-Benz, like the DB11. The Vantage uses Mercedes-AMG's M177 4.0-litre twin-turbocharged V8 engine that has a power output of 510 PS (375 kW; 503 hp) and 505 lb⋅ft (685 N⋅m) of torque as is equipped with the Mercedes COMAND system. The Vantage is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 3.6 seconds, and attaining a top speed of 314 km/h (195 mph). The Vantage uses a rear-mounted 8-speed automatic gearbox manufactured by ZF Friedrichshafen and will be the only vehicle that pairs the Mercedes-AMG V8 with a manual transmission when the combination is made available. The engine is positioned as far back with the chassis as possible, and a 50/50 front/rear weight distribution has been achieved with the car. The Vantage is also the first Aston Martin production car to feature an electronically controlled differential with torque vectoring and is built around the same all-new bonded-aluminium platform as the DB11, although around 70% of its components are said to be unique to the Vantage
The design of the new Vantage is inspired by the track-only Vulcan and the purpose-made DB10 that appeared in the James Bond film Spectre. The front grille, specifically inspired by the Vulcan, helps in efficient engine cooling.